JUSTICE - No. 68

Summer 2022 1 JUSTICE is published by The International Association of Jewish Lawyers and Jurists 10 Daniel Frisch St. Tel Aviv 6473111, Israel Tel: +972 3 691 0673 Fax: +972 3 695 3855 office@ijl.org www.ijl.org © Copyright 2022 by IJL ISSN 0793-176X JUSTICE is published for members and friends of the International Association of Jewish Lawyers and Jurists. Opinions expressed in JUSTICE are those of their authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of JUSTICE or the International Association of Jewish Lawyers and Jurists. The accuracy of articles appearing in JUSTICE is the sole responsibility of their authors. Articles in English are welcome but should be preceded by a query to the IJL Advisory Board at office@ijl.org. Back issues of JUSTICE are available at www.ijl.org. POSTMASTER: Send address corrections to Justice, 10 Daniel Frisch St., Tel Aviv 6473111, Israel. JUSTICE No. 68, Summer 2022 Editor Mala Tabory, Dr. Special Advisor Irit Kohn, Adv. Advisory Editor Alan D. Stephens Academic Advisory Board Michael Bazyler, Prof. Noemi Gal-Or, Dr. Oren Gross, Prof. Moshe Hirsch, Prof. Deborah Housen-Couriel, Adv. Robert Katz, Prof. Michla Pomerance, Prof. Arie Reich, Prof. Nicholas Rostow, Prof. Robbie Sabel, Prof. Amos Shapira, Prof. Malcolm N. Shaw, Prof. Joseph H. Weiler, Prof. Legal Researchers Naomi Burke Shani Birenbaum Copy Editor Gavriella Lazarus Graphic Design Climax Design Studio Ltd. www.climax-design.co.il | 03-7516747 Cover Photo Credits André Derain: La Chapelle sous Crécy, Avers André Derain: Paysage à Cassis, Avers André Derain: Pinède à Cassis, Avers Credit: © ADAGP, Paris, 2022 Marc Chagall: Le Pere, 1911, oil on linen backed canvas Credit: © ADAGP, Paris, 2022 Camille Pissarro: La cueillette des pois Gimpel gallery Credit: René GIMPEL family archive Contents President’s Message Meir Linzen 2 The Danger of Holocaust Denial and Distortion Ellen Germain 3 The Echo of Wannsee – Eighty Years Later Matthias Küntzel 6 Articles On Freedom of Religion and Freedom from Religion in Modern Democracies: Crucifixes and Mezuzas in Classrooms Joseph H.H. Weiler 8 Is Europe Finally Coming to Grips with Antisemitism? Michael Whine 14 The New Antisemitism Bills in the United States: A Practical and Legal Analysis Mark Goldfeder 20 The Challenges of Writing History in Contemporary Poland Jan Grabowski 27 Restitution of Nazi Looted Art in France: A Historic Law Adopted Mélina Wolman 33 The Facilitation of Naturalization for Descendants of Nazi Persecutees Steffen Kaemper and Mirco Stellbrink 39 Book Review The Conflict over the Conflict: The Israel/Palestine Campus Debate By Kenneth S. Stern Reviewed by Paul Finkelman 41