JUSTICE - No. 68

18 No. 68 JUSTICE Semitism in Schools: Training Curricula.” This was developed in collaboration with the University College London Institute for Education.18 OSCE ODIHR Preceding the EC Strategy, the OSCE “Words into Action to Address Anti-Semitism” project, launched in 2016, was relaunched in 2021 as a joint exercise with the World Jewish Congress and latterly, the EC. The UK National Policing Hate Crime Advisor also participates. The day-long training seminars held for police, prosecution services and civil servants helps them understand the nature of antisemitism, how to record incidents and collect data according to European standards, and how to work collaboratively with Jewish communities’ security staff and volunteers to enhance the physical protection of the communities. The sessions typically conclude with case studies in which police officers, prosecutors and community members discuss ways of dealing with actual and online threats through scenarios and incidents. Government ministers holding relevant portfolios (e.g., Interior or Justice) assume the role of opening such sessions. This is followed by the EC Coordinator on Combating Antisemitism and the Head of the OSCE ODIHR Department of Tolerance and Non-Discrimination, who have overall responsibility for the program. Six European countries held sessions during 2021, with additional states due to participate in 2022. The program is based on a decision taken at the OSCE Ministerial Council meeting in Basle, Switzerland in December 2014, at which participating states agreed to facilitate cooperation between government officials and civil society, assist them in the collection of data on antisemitic hate crimes, and facilitate the exchange of best practices.19 The agreement also led the OSCE to publish a series of practical guides for law enforcement agencies to enhance the security of communities alongside other publications. Among them is the ODIHR Security Guide, which was written by OSCE staff, police officers and Jewish community security experts. It has now been translated into many languages and remains the primary guide for communal security measures.20 Combating Holocaust Denial and Distortion The dramatic growth of Holocaust distortion has prompted European agencies to respond. Before International Holocaust Remembrance Day, on January 27, 2021, the European Commission, together with UNESCO, IHRA and the United Nations, launched a global campaign entitled “Protect the Facts.” This initiative raises awareness of the importance of recognizing and countering Holocaust distortion, which may pave the way to Holocaust denial, antisemitism, conspiracy myths, and dangerous forms of nationalism.21 In January 2022, the European Parliament Research Service updated the list of EU states that have passed laws criminalizing Holocaust denial and distortion, both for the record and to assist other states that were contemplating passing such legislation.22 Together with the USC Shoah Foundation’s Countering Antisemitism through Testimony Program, UNESCO is now publishing newly recorded testimonies by camp survivors and other witnesses to antisemitism. These are being made available in EU Member states and the U.S.23 Finally, the Malmö International Forum on Holocaust Remembrance and Combating Antisemitism, a high-level conference held in October 2021 to mark the twentieth anniversary of the Stockholm Declaration, was organized by the Swedish government to enable participating delegations (governments and intergovernmental organizations) to make pledges that would commit them 18. “Addressing Anti-Semitism in Schools - Training Curricula” (OSCE ODIHR and UNESCO, Nov. 17, 2020), available at https:// www.osce.org/odihr/470712 19. “Statements and declarations by the Ministerial Council, Decisions of the Ministerial Council, Statements by delegations, Reports to the Ministerial Council,” OSCE (Dec. 5, 2014), available at https://www.osce.org/ mc/158436 20. “Understanding Anti-Semitic Hate Crimes and Addressing the Security Needs of Jewish Communities — A Practical Guide, Words into Action,” Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights, 2017, available at https://www.osce. org/files/f/documents/c/c/3177166.pdf 21. “IHRA Toolkit Against Holocaust Distortion,” International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (2021), available at https:// againstdistortiontoolkit.holocaustremembrance.com/ 22. Piotr Bąkowski, “Holocaust denial in criminal law, Legal frameworks in selected EU Member States,” European Parliamentary Research Service (Jan. 2022), available at https://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/ BRIE/2021/698043/EPRS_BRI(2021)698043_EN.pdf 23. For the initial announcement see “Shoah Foundation Releases First Educational CD-ROM: Survivors: Testimonies of the Holocaust,” USC Shoah Foundation (Aug. 9, 1998), available at https://sfi.usc.edu/news/1998/09/10328shoah-foundation-releases-first-educational-cd-romsurvivors-testimonies