JUSTICE - No. 71

35 Spring 2024 Most people are unfamiliar with the long history of malicious myths and conspiracy theories about Jews that have circulated for centuries. Nearly half of Americans told pollsters that they do not even know what the word antisemitism means. Countering antisemitism, therefore, requires more than “calling it out” – it requires educating people about what antisemitism is. Over the years, the UK in partnership with the Jewish community have pioneered several initiatives to address antisemitism, including: Appointments Many countries have dedicated international envoys and domestic advisors on antisemitism. The UK has a dedicated Post Holocaust Issues Envoy2 whose remit includes sharing best practices on addressing antisemitism, as well as an Independent Adviser on Antisemitism3 to advise on the most effective measures to report on what is being done to combat antisemitism and to be a point of contact for the Jewish Community to ensure that their concerns about antisemitism are heard and acted upon by government and policy makers. Cross-Government Working Group on Antisemitism The UK’s relationship with the Jewish community has been built on the solid work of the Cross-Government Working Group on Antisemitism, which ensures that we are aware of any issues and concerns of the Jewish community and able to respond quickly. The working group is made up of the representative bodies of the Jewish Community: the Community Security Trust (CST), the Jewish Leadership Council, the Board of Deputies, and the Antisemitism Policy Trust and civil servants from across the government. All-Party Parliamentary Group Against Antisemitism All-Party Parliamentary Groups (APPGs) are formed by members of both Houses of the UK Parliament across the political spectrum and meet to discuss issues of concern. Unlike select committees, APPGs are voluntary and receive no parliamentary funding but do have access to parliamentary facilities. The APPG Against Antisemitism was established to combat antisemitism and assist in the development and implementation of effective public policy to combat antisemitism. The APPG Against Antisemitism initiated the first major inquiry into antisemitism in 20064 followed by a second report in 2015.5 These reports were taken seriously and resulted in three official responses from the UK Government.6 The APPG Against Antisemitism is supported by The Antisemitism Policy Trust,7 which leads the fight against antisemitism in the UK and has worked with the UK Government on a best practice guide to addressing antisemitism.8 IHRA Working Definition of Antisemitism The UK Government adopted the IHRA definition, which is not legally binding, in December 2016.9 It 2. See United Kingdom Special Envoy for post-Holocaust issues, available at https://www.gov.uk/government/ people/eric-pickles 3. See Lord Mann of Holbeck Moor, HM Government’s Independent Adviser on Antisemitism, available at https:// antisemitism.org.uk/lord-mann/ 4. All-Party Parliamentary Group Against Antisemitism, “Report of the All-Party Parliamentary Inquiry into Antisemitism,” THE STATIONERY OFFICE (Sept. 2006), available at https://archive.jpr.org.uk/download?id=1274 5. All-Party Parliamentary Group against Antisemitism, “All-Party Parliamentary Inquiry into Antisemitism” (Feb. 2015), available at https://www.antisemitism.org. uk/wp-content/uploads/2019/02/Report-of-the-All-PartyParliamentary-Inquiry-intoAntisemitism-1.pdf 6. “Report of the All-Party Parliamentary Inquiry into Antisemitism: Government Response,” THE STATIONERY OFFICE (March 29, 2007), available at https://assets. publishing.service.gov.uk/media/5a7cdd5740f0b65b3de0 ba09/7059.pdf; see also All-Party Inquiry into Antisemitism: Government Response, Three Years on Progress Report (Dec. 2010), available at https://assets.publishing.service. gov.uk/media/5a789cea40f0b63247698c58/1798120.pdf; see also Department for Communities and Local Government, “Government action on Antisemitism,” OGL (Dec. 2014), available at https://assets.publishing.service. gov.uk/media/5a7d7479e5274a02dcdf49a5/Government_ Action_on_Antisemitism_final_24_Dec.pdf 7. https://antisemitism.org.uk/ 8. All-Party Parliamentary Group against Antisemitism, Department for Communities and Local Government, PCAA Foundation, “Combating Antisemitism, A British best practice guide,” available at https://antisemitism. org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2020/06/CombatingAntisemitismBestPracticeGuide.compressed.pdf 9. Press Release, “Government leads the way in tackling anti-Semitism,” GOV.UK, Dec. 12, 2016, available at https://www.gov.uk/government/news/government-leadsthe-way-in-tackling-anti-semitism